Thursday, May 21, 2020

St. Patricks Day Creative Writing Prompts and Other March Ideas

Even though the first day of Spring occurs in March, it often still feels like winter in many parts of the country. The following writing prompts for each day of the month can be a great way to incorporate writing in the form of warm-ups or  journal entries. Feel free to use and modify these as you see fit. March Holidays Womens History MonthNational Craft MonthAmerican Red Cross MonthNational Nutrition MonthIrish-American Heritage Month Writing Prompt Ideas for March March 1 - Theme: Peanut Butter Lovers DayChunky or smooth? With or without jelly? How do you like your peanut butter, if you like it at all? In a few sentences, describe the experience of eating peanut butter without an accompanying drink. If you have never tasted peanut butter, then instead describe the experience of eating saltines without the benefit of a drink.March 2 - Theme:  Dr. SeussWhich is your favorite Dr. Seuss book? Why?March 3 - Theme: Alexander Graham Bells BirthdayHow would your life be different without the invention of the telephone?March 4 - Theme: Womens History MonthDescribe the most courageous woman you know. This can either be someone you have met or someone you have read about.March 5 - Theme:  Boston Massacre  and PropagandaPaul Reveres engraving of the Boston Massacre was an extraordinary piece of propaganda. Explain why should we be wary of eyewitness accounts of major news stories?March 6 - Theme:  Oreo CookiesWhat is your favorite way to eat an Or eo cookie? Do you separate them, dunk them, pop them whole in your mouth, or avoid them altogether? Explain why you answered as you did.March 7 - Theme: World Maths DayWorld Maths Day is the first Wednesday in March. What is your opinion about math? Do you like the subject or is it one you struggle with? Explain your answer.March 8 - Theme: National Craft MonthDo you consider yourself a crafty or artistic person? If so, whats your favorite type of craft? If not, why?March 9 - Theme: Barbies BirthdayIs Barbie a good role model for girls? Why or why not?March 10 - Theme: Genealogy DayDo you have an interest in learning about your familys heritage? Why or why not?March 11 - Theme: First Basketball GameWhat are your thoughts on basketball as a sport? Is it one you follow or one you dont care about at all? Explain your answer.March 12 - Theme: Role of the US President (Date of FDRs first fireside chat)During the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt took to giving fireside chats as a w ay to help Americans connect with the presidency and the government. Today, whenever a national disaster or event of great significance occurs, the president makes a statement or gives a speech. In your opinion, how important is this for you as an American citizen? Explain your answer.March 13 - Theme: Uncle SamWhat do you think of Uncle Sam as a symbol of the United States? Do you think it serves a purpose to have a fictional character such as this as a symbol? Explain your answer.March 14 - Theme: Albert Einsteins Birthday and Pi DayAlbert Einstein  said, We cant solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them. What do you think he meant by this statement? Do you agree with it?March 15 - Theme: Ides of March The tale of Julius Caesars warning to beware the ides of March  and his impending assassination was dramatized by William Shakespeare. What is your opinion of Shakespeares plays? Do you find them entertaining, confusing, or something else alt ogether? Explain why you have this opinion.March 16 - Theme: Freedom of Information DayDo you think that the government should share more information, even if it is possibly damaging to the presidency and Congress? Explain your answer.March 17 - Theme: St. Patricks DayWhat do you think of St. Patricks Day? Do you celebrate St. Patricks Day by wearing green? Do you have any ancestors from Ireland? If you dont celebrate it, why not?March 18 - Theme: Johnny Appleseed DayWhat is your favorite tall tale from Americas past? Examples of tall tales include Johnny Appleseed, Pecos Bill, and Paul Bunyan.March 19 - Theme: National Nutrition MonthWhat is your opinion of vegetables? Do you like eating them? What are your favorite vegetables? Why?March 20 - Theme: First Day of SpringWrite a short piece of prose or poetry about spring. Make sure to appeal to all five senses in your writing.March 21 - Theme: World Poetry DayGive your thoughts about poetry. Do you like to read it, write it or avoid it? Explain your answer.March 22 - Theme:  Artifical IntelligenceTechnology moves rapidly. We must consider the impact of artificial intelligence. What do you think are the benefits or concerns of artificial intelligence (AI) for the future of the world?March 23 - Theme: Patrick Henry and Liberty SpeechOn March 23, 1775, Patrick Henry made his famous speech that included the line, Give me liberty or give me death. Which of the freedoms that the US Constitution and Bill of Rights provide for do you feel is the most important for preserving personal liberty?March 24 - Theme: Harry Houdinis BirthdayWhat do you think of magicians? Have you ever seen one perform? Describe that experience. If not, explain why you think people are so fascinated by magic shows.March 25 - Theme: National Waffle DayWhat is your favorite breakfast food? What do you like about it?March 26 - Theme: Make Up Your Own Holiday DayIf you were to create a holiday celebrating anything, what would it be? How would the celebrations include? Have fun and provide details.March 27 - Theme: Volunteering (American Red Cross Month)Explain what you believe the benefits of volunteering your time and talents would be to an organization of your choice.March 28 - Theme: Respect Your Cat DayWhich is the better pet? A cat or a dog? Maybe another pet? Or maybe no pet at all?March 29 - Theme: Coca-Cola InventedSome cities have tried to regulate the size of sodas sold for consumption. Do you think there should be laws to tell you what you can and cannot drink or eat in this manner? Defend your answer.March 30 - Theme: Game Shows (Jeopardy Premiered on NBC)If you were to appear on a television game show, which would it be? Why?March 31 - Theme: Summer PlansWrite a poem or a short piece of prose about your summer plans. Bonus: St. Patricks Themed Creative Writing Topics Here is a list of teacher-tested creative writing topics to use with your St. Patricks Day theme.   I found a pot of gold. What would you do if you came across a pot of gold?I found a four-leaf clover. What would you do if you found a found a four-leaf clover?Dear Leprechaun†¦ Write a letter to a leprechaun, tell him about yourself, and ask him any questions you may have.Do you have a good luck charm? Describe your lucky keepsake and how it brings you luck.The legend of the lucky leprechaun. Create a story about the lucky leprechaun.At the end of the rainbow, I found a†¦ Describe what you saw when you got to the end of the rainbow.What is your favorite lucky number? Why do you feel this number is lucky for you?A leprechaun visits your school and gives you a magical item. What is it? What happens to you when you touch it?What does your family do for St. Patricks Day? Do you eat anything special? Describe your family traditions.What would you do if you woke up and found that everything that you touched turned to green? Describe how you would feel and what everyone would say when they saw what you could do.If you could trap a leprechaun, how would you catch him? What would you do with him once you caught him? Would you let him go? Would you keep him?I feel lucky because†¦ Describe why you feel lucky.If a leprechaun gave you three wishes, what would they be?Once I gave a four leaf clover to my friend and they†¦ Describe what happened after your friend received a four leaf clover.I once had shamrock shoes and†¦ Describe what happened to you. Where did you get them? Were they magical shoes?Describe a typical day as a leprechaun. Pretend you are a leprechaun and describe all the things that you encounter.On your way to school, you see a rainbow and its close enough for you to touch. Describe what happens when you touch it. Do you go to another world? What happens?On your way to school, you see a leprechaun and he gives you a magical shamrock shake to drink. What happens to you when you drink it?Leaping Leprechauns --  My leprechaun lost hi s magical powers! Describe how it happened and what you did about it.How to catch a leprechaun. Describe step-by-step how you plan to catch a leprechaun.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The McKinney-Vento as amended by S. 896 the Homeless...

The McKinney-Vento as amended by S. 896 the Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act of 2009 also known as McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, signed into law in 1987, covers many aspects of homelessness. The National Coalition for the Homeless states that the â€Å"McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act was the first—and remains the only—major federal legislative response to homelessness† (NCH). Originally, this act contained fifteen different programs that were included to aid the homeless population (United States Department of Housing and Urban Development [HUD], 2007). The goal of this act is help the homeless receive the services this population needs. This act also defined what is considered†¦show more content†¦There is a direct correlation between crime rates and the number of homeless people in an area. Children are the most vulnerable among the homeless population. Statistically, children who are homel ess at any point have a greater chance of being homeless when they are adults, thus, continuing the cycle of poverty. The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act was originally written in the 1987 to address the increasing epidemic of homelessness in the United States. During earlier years of the 1980’s, homelessness was not seen by the Regan Administration as a problem that needed federal intervention (NHC). Instead, in 1983 the Regan Administration created the first task force to provide information to local communities on how to acquire excess federal property. This did not address homelessness through programmatic or policy actions (NHC). The population was still left with little to no resources or support from the government and the problem continued. In the preceding years, advocates around the United States demanded that the federal government needed to address the widespread problem of homelessness in the country. This lead to the making of the Homeless Personâ€⠄¢s Survival Act and it was introduced to both houses of Congress in 1986. â€Å"This act contained emergency relief measures, preventive measures, and long-term solutions to homelessness† (NHC). However, only a small part of the act was ratified into law and there was a need for emergency measures to

Disaster Management Viii Free Essays

An Introduction to Disaster Management for Class 8 Central Board of Secondary Education ‘Shiksha Kendra’, 2, Community Centre Preet Vihar, Delhi – 110092, India Tel : 91-011-22509252-57/59, Fax : 91-011-22515826 E-mail : cbsedli@nda. vsnl. net. We will write a custom essay sample on Disaster Management Viii or any similar topic only for you Order Now in Website : www. cbse. nic. in TOGETHER, TOWARDS, A SAFER INDIA An Introduction to Disaster Management for Class 8 FIRST EDITION 2003 ? CBSE, DELHI ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS AUTHORS Dr. Kamala Menon, Principal, Mirambika School, New Delhi Ms. A. Venkatachalam, Mother’s International School, New Delhi Ms. P. Thakur, Education Officer, Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan, New Delhi EDITORS Shri M. P. Sajnani, Director (Disaster Management), Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India Ms. Aparna Kanda, Programme Associate (Vulnerability Reduction and Sustainable Environment) UNDP, New Delhi COORDINATOR Ms. Sugandh Sharma, Education Officer (Commerce), CBSE , Delhi CBSE ADVISORS Mr. Ashok Ganguly, Chairman Mr. G. Balasubramanian, Director (Academics) PUBLISHED BY : The Secretary, Central Board of Secondary Education, ‘Shiksha Kendra’, 2, Community Centre, Preet Vihar, Delhi 110 092 DESIGN LAYOUT BY : CBSE, Delhi PRINTED BY : Tara Art Press, B-4, Hans Bhawan, B. S. Zafar Marg, New Delhi – 110 002 Ph. 23378626, 23379686 ii Hkkjr dk lafo/kku mIsf’kdk ge] Hkkjr ds yksx] Hkkjr dks ,d1 [lEiw. kZ izHkqRolaiUu lektoknh iaFkfujis{k yksdra=kRed x. kjkT;] cukus ds fy,] rFkk mlds leLr ukxfjdksa dks% lkekftd] vkfFkZd vkSj jktuSfrd U;k;] fopkj] vfHkO;fDr] fo’okl] /keZ vkSj mikluk dh Lora=rk] izfr†Bk vkSj volj dh lerk izkIr djkus ds fy,] rFkk mu lc esa O;fDr dh xfjek vkSj2 [jk†V? h ,drk vkSj v[k. Mrk] lqfuf’pr djus okyh ca/kqrk csa vkSj mldk ifjj{k. k djsa( izkd`frd i;kZoj. k dh ftlds varxZr ou] hy] unh] vkSj oU; tho gSa] j{kk djsa vkSj mldk lao/kZu djsa rFkk izkf. k ek= ds izfr n;kHkko j[ksa( oSKkfud n`f†Vdks. k] ekuookn vkSj KkuktZu rFkk lq/kkj dh Hkkouk dk fodkl djsa( lkoZtfud laifY k dks lqjf{kr j[ksa vkSj fgalk ls nwj jgsa( O;fDrxr vkSj lkewfgd xfrfof/k;ksa ds lHkh {ks=ksa esa mRd†kZ dh vksj c How to cite Disaster Management Viii, Papers

Friday, April 24, 2020

William Jefferson Clinton Essays - Bill Clinton, Lewinsky Scandal

William Jefferson Clinton Award Winner The most deserving person in the world to receive the Swift Silken Thread for Meaningless Achievement Award is former president William Jefferson Clinton. He was president for 8 years. He has had many meaningless achievements during his life. Some were not even legal. One of his many meaningless achievements is receiving the longest haircut to ever shut down an airport. This is an achievement no one will ever come close to reaching. Mr. Clinton was at the LAX airport in Los Angeles, California when this feat was achieved. He decided he wanted a haircut while aboard Air Force 1. Due to the security that must be kept for the president, no planes were allowed to take-off or land at the airport. His very important haircut only lasted a few hours, so he only inconvenienced a few thousand people. Another meaningless achievement of the former president was his astonishing ability to avoid being drafted into the military. Of course this was illegal, but it takes a lot of ability and smarts to do this. Another trait that he must have had to achieve something so meaningless is cowardlness. Cowardness seems to be his best trait. It really helped him become a draft dodger. Last but definitely not least, the most meaningless achievement of Bill Clinton's life is cheating on his wife, Hilary, in the most well known office in the United States. Of course its the Oval Office in the White House. This meaningless achievement was great for the US It made the country so well known all over the world. It made him very popular with the ladies too. Cigar sales also went up after his affair came out in public. Though no one is really sure why. William Jefferson Clinton is well deserving of this award. Not all of his meaningless achievements could fit on such little paper because there are so many of them. But as anyone could tell no one deserves this meaningless award more than him. Biographies

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Introduction BHP and Rio Tinto are the second and third largest iro Essays

Introduction BHP and Rio Tinto are the second and third largest iro Essays Introduction BHP and Rio Tinto are the second and third largest iro Essay Introduction BHP and Rio Tinto are the second and third largest iro Essay Contractual partnership can convey a batch of advantages, but besides brought along addition in complexness and loss flexibleness. Thereby, need to utilize the choice standards to take a spouse. Rio and BHP form joint venture aims to sharing each other benefits. For these two companies, the direction manner and construction and nature of merchandises were likewise. They are listed on the London stock exchange. Besides, BHP proposed acquisition of Rio in 2008 ( www.accc.gov.au ) that means before JV they have collaborate experience so they can cognize more about each other such as background of company, ways of communicating, capacity, fiscal state of affairs etcaˆÂ ¦ it can easy to formation of JV and minimise hazard of failure. China is the universe s largest importer of Fe ore and BHP-Rio together would account for 80 per centum of Australia s exports of the ore ( www.miningmx.com ) . Even is a major fabrication base for Fe and steel merchandise but they did non bring forth top-quality Fe ore, so they depend on two excavation giants to provide natural stuff ( www.news.bbc.co.uk ) . Therefore, if BHP and Rio JV successful it can keep the Fe ore supply to China stable and enjoy economic of graduated table. Why a joint venture was chosen as the vehicle of co-operation? FDI is the most advanced and complex for foreign market entry ( FME ) scheme, and involves set uping fabrication workss, selling subordinates, or other installations aboard ( Cavusgil, 2008 ) . Rio and BHP is a undertaking based, non-equity venture, which means undertaking with a narrow range and defined timetable, no new company formed ( Cavusgil, 2008 ) . This Domestic joint venture would hold led to Rio and BHP to sharing each other s mines and transit installations. For illustration, can cut downing costs through shorter rail draw and more efficient allotments of port capacity ( imperativeness release, 2009 ) . Besides, the president of Rio Tinto believed that: this joint venture will set up an matchless Fe ore concern with universe category assets and substructure ( imperativeness release, 2009 ) . Rio and BHP can unite the direction, procurance and general operating expense activities into a individual entity ( imperativeness release, 2009 ) . It can merely direction construction and can be adjusted easy. The companies had estimated cost nest eggs of around $ 10bn ( ?6.3bn ) a twelvemonth through the sharing of substructure and forces. ( www.news.bbc.co.uk ) . However, JV has some disadvantages to Rio and BHP. It is because JV did non hold equity committedness. Besides, two companies need to set greater accent on trust, communicating and developing relationship ( Cavusgil, 2008 ) . On the other manus, some of literature identifies many motives to formation JV such as minimise the hazards and costs with market entry, entree to assets and accomplishments, enjoy the economic systems of graduated table and portion the acquisition of cognition ( manner A ; Hersch, 2005 ) . c. What external events gave rise to the chance or force per unit area to work together? Use PESTEL and Porter s Five Force model to analysis the external events give rise BHP and Rio Tinto to the chance or force per unit area to work together. PESETL: Political- high spots the function of authoritiess Regulator opposition may hold played an of import function in the companies determination. In BHP proposed to acquisition Rio, the Australian Government have negative attitude, the authorities inquire this two companies meet the grant which are the authorities provided. Economics- macroeconomic factors such as exchange rates, concern rhythm and differential economic growing rates around the universe. ( Gerry, 2008 ) In 2008 the planetary fiscal crisis has impact the steel and excavation industry ( www.steelorbis.com ) . The economic system and weak demand, iron-ore monetary values should be half their 2008 degrees ( Robert Guy Matthews, 2009 ) . Even fiscal crisis consequence economic around the universe but some of the developed states such as: Brazil, Russia, India and China they are fiscal state of affairs can keep in the turning. Thereby, the demand of Fe ore will once more be taking the growing with an expected addition of 11.1 % for 2008 and 10.3 % for 2009 ( www.worldsteel.org ) . Besides, Fe ore monetary values were mounting rapidly, chiefly because China was devouring more steel and mineworkers had supply concatenation problem-not adequate ports, railwaies and ships-both of which kept supplies scarce ( www.online.wsj.com ) . Porter s Five Force devised by Michael Porter to depict forces that form competition within an industry and aid to place strategic chances and menaces. Vale of Brazil is the merely other chief rival with Rio and BHP ( SJ Berwin, 2010 ) . Dickering power of provider: Australian authorities is a major provider to the Fe ore industry, so the bargaining power is higher. Dickering power of rival: In the planetary market those three providers dominated the Fe ore market which is Vale, Rio and BHP. Vale is the largest provider in the universe. In 2008, Vale to keep 32.8 % portions in the Seaborne Fe ore market and Rio and BHP severally 18.6 % and 17.1 % ( www.worldsteel.org ) . Before JV Vale is the lone one rival for Rio and BHP. If JV successful, Rio and BHP will command about 36 % portions of the seaborne Fe ore market. Thurs, the bargaining power will higher than earlier. Dickering power of purchaser: Iron ore industry the purchaser major purchaser which is China, Japan and Korea, they are dickering power is lower. It is because this industry dominates by 3 major mineworkers. Those purchaser hard to happen others supplier in the market. Question 2 In a planetary market Fe ore dominated by an oligopoly with merely three providers, Vale, Rio Tinto and BHP Billiton ( Moffat,2009 ) . The trade good s monetary value is set in one-year dialogues dominated on the provider side by Rio, BHP and Vale of Brazil, the universe s largest manufacturer ( www.ft.com ) . If the joint venture successful may curtail competition in relation to the cardinal competitory parametric quantities in the seaborne Fe ore markets such as: monetary value, volume and quality ( Moffat, 2009 ) . The follow image can demo large three mineworkers dominate the seaborne Fe ore market: A Shares of Seaborne Iron Ore Market, % A 2006 2007 2008 Valley 36.1 A 36.1 32.8 Rio Tinto 19.0 19.3A 18.6 BHP Billiton 14.2 A 13.8 17.1 Entire 69.3 A 69.2 68.5 Beginning for market portions: Raw Materials Group quoted in UNCTAD Trust Fund on Iron Ore Information Iron Ore Market 2008-2010 , Geneva, June 2009 However, Iron ore is a globally traded commoidty it can linkage with different industry in the economic market such as automotive industry, steel industry etc..so it plays an improtant function in the universe. Rio and BHP signifier JV, many committees come from different state and play different function to against the JV. They aim to guarantee the concern can run reasonably and to undertake unjust competition. In this instance, three states such as China, Japan and Korea have largest respond. China is the largest steelworker in the universe, on this joint venture proposal it would refer about the monetary value of Fe ore control in custodies of the top three Fe ore mineworkers ( David Fickling, 2010 ) . Besides, the Japan Iron and Steel Federation estimates a combined BHP-Rio would command 60 % of the state s Fe ore imports ( www.lowyinterpreter.org ) .Thus, steelworkers in China, Japan and Europe have all opposed the affiliation between the excavation giants, stating the joint venture will lean the planetary Fe ore market further in favor of three manufacturers who already dominate the seaborne Fe ore trade ( www.ft.com ) . Otherwise, The South Korea s FTC said a joint venture would hold reduced competition in the Fe ore market, it is because Rio and BHP would portion the same cost construction, end product volume and quality ( www.bestshippingnews.com ) . Furthermore, Rio and BHP signifier JV this two companies will unite Fe ore production installations in the Pilbara, means that many workers will confront occupation losingss so Australian Government to against this JV ( www.wabusinessnews.com.au ) . Question 3 Definitions of corporate civilization: Meschi and Roger ( 1994 ) when an organisation develops into a MNC, the corporate civilization can hold it basic on the original organisational civilization, or the national civilization, or a combination of two. Two of Australian which is Rio and BHP signifier JV in Australian, in this subdivision usage determiners of organisational to analysis their corporate civilization. National civilization The follow image showed the feature of Australian had higher degree in individuality and lower degree in power distance state ( www.geert-hosfstede.com ) . That means Australians tend to work independently and the direction squad would wish to ask for they are employee to take part in determination devising. Beginning from: www.geert-hofstede.com History of organisation Rio and BHP they develop their concern in different state, so they did non hold pure state civilization. Industry civilization Rio and BHP those two iron ore companies they have similar concern country. Hence, they can portion same value and civilization. Management manner Jacques Nasser the manager of BHP has 33 twelvemonth calling experience in different state such as America. Jan du Plessis the Chairman of Rio besides have career experience in America and British company ( www.riotino.com A ; www.bhpbilliton.com ) . Those two determination shapers have international direction manner so they can utilize the experience to direction their company. Size of organisation Rio and BHP are the MNE, they are concern activities cover different state such as UK, Australian, Brazil etcaˆÂ ¦ Nature of employees Whether educated or accomplishments worker, Rio and BHP is mining industry so the construction did non hold more different, so they required their employee s background is similar. What is dialogue Brian J. Hurn ( 2007 ) acquiring people of different civilizations to see understanding by considered duologue on an in agreement docket. Usunier ( 2003 ) suggested threes aspects of civilization different impacting international dialogue: Negotiation procedure Australian prefers to negociate in a reasonably straightforward and honorable manner ( Katz, 2009 ) . Australian did like being pressured so do non do the concluding offer early in the negotiating procedure and avoid doing more than one time ( Katz, 2009 ) . In the communicating procedure, some of Australians will some they are emotions and positive and negative straight. Besides, they can esteem people who give any thought whether they agree or disagree with them ( Katz, 2009 ) . When Australians make determination they may use cosmopolitan rules instead than sing the specific state of affairs ( Katz, 2009 ) . In outcome orientations, Australians tend to written a item contracts. They can name out elaborate footings and conditions for the nucleus understanding. Behavioral sensitivity of parties Aussies appreciate who has a sense of wit, they prefer the meeting atmosphere is normally really informal ( Katz, 2009 ) . Aussies believe in the dialogue procedure can acquire the win-win state of affairs even in the dialogue procedure two party have struggles, they hope both parties should maintain a positive attitude and show willingness to work with other in an attempt to make understanding ( Katz,2009 ) . Underliing constructs of dialogue In the strategic time-frame, Australian expect they concern spouse to be one clip. They ca nt non accept they spouse tardily more than 10 to 15 proceedingss without holding a sensible alibi ( Katz, 2009 ) . Australian believe in dialogue sharing information is a manner to construct up trust with each other. Besides, in gait of dialogue information and bargaining move swimmingly but the determination devising can be instead slow. That means they prefer use more clip to dialogue with their concern spouse ( Katz, 2009 ) . Base on above analysis, Australian is refers to Universalism and they are emotionality is low context. Two Australian companies which are Rio and BHP when work together, they are facets individualists and the attitude can be overtly competitory. Besides, in the concern dialogue and determination doing procedure they can maintain it swimmingly and harmoniousness. Rio and BHP these two Australian companies did non entree to foreign market to organize JV so it can specify they are a domestic JV. They have same state civilization so their corporate civilization may simplify than other international corporation. In the cooperation phase, when two companies come together to organize JV, the major aim is to larning cognition from their spouse and acquire benefit from the JV. However, in determinates of organisational civilization this two companies the national civilization and industry civilization are similar hence in the execution phase did non play a important function. Rio and BHP signifier JV, senior direction of the entity will be determined jointly on the footing of the best individual for the occupation with loosely equal engagement from Rio Tinto and BHP Billiton. The initial Chairman of the non-executive proprietors council will be Sam Walsh, presently Rio Tinto Chief Executive Iron Ore, and the initial CEO of the production joint venture will be BHP Billiton Iron Ore President, Ian Ashby ( imperativeness release, 2009 ) . In decision, When Rio and BHP JV successful the cardinal forces of the JV will be alteration, the direction manner it may impact the corporation. Therefore, to grantee the good JV execution or operation, these two companies need the best direction accomplishment between two spouses within JV. Question 4 Finance strategic Financial director drama an of import function in the company, is involved in the acquisition and allotment of fiscal resources for the company s current and future activities and undertakings, with the primary aim of maximising the company value ( Cavusgil, 2008, p.581 ) . Besides, in the company the fiscal director demand to concern three major rules fiscal direction accomplishments such as cost of capital and capital construction, methods of funding, currency hazard and revenue enhancement direction. Cost of capital can specify The rates of return that a company has to offer finance suppliers to bring on them to purchase and keep a fiscal security From the company s position cost of capital equal to cost of investing, it is the rate ( % ) that the company needs to pay to the investors and moneymans in order to obtain financess. It is an index for the minimal rate of return ; the company needs to obtain from doing a determination on a new undertaking ( Elteman, 2004 ) . From the finance director s position demand to concern how to minimise the cost of capital, what is the optimum funding construction and which sorts of funding instruments are most effectual and efficient. Before the company makes an investing determination they need to compare the rates of return of investing with the cost of capital of company. If the expected return on the investings is low as compared with the WACC, the investing is obliging. Harmonizing to the survey by Arnold and Hatzopoulos ( 2000 ) , WACC is most normally used by different types of companies, runing from little to big sized, every bit good as those listed companies within the stock index. The construct of Leaden Average Cost of Capital ( WACC ) is used for ciphering the Cost of Investment ( Elteman, 2004, p.301-303 ) . WACC = Calciferol Ten ( r debt ) Ten ( 1- revenue enhancement ) + Tocopherol ten ( r equity ) E+D E+D Base on the hazard of JV different with parent s company so they need to utilize cost of capital to judge the investing. WACC of Rio and BHP did non stand for of cost of capital of the JV, it is because different undertaking will transport different cost of capital it will depend on the degree of hazard. As compare JV with Rio and BHP, the hazard of JV higher than Rio and BHP. It is because JV focuses on individual merchandise but Rio and BHP they focus on diverseness merchandises, so if the monetary value of one merchandise lessening, the others merchandise monetary value it may increase that can minimise the degree of hazard. Normally, have two methods to beginning of funding which are internal and external. The internal beginning of funding includes inter-company loan and transportation pricing. The external beginning of funding includes equity funding and debt funding. Equity funding is the issue of portion of stock to raise capital from investors and the usage of maintained net incomes . Debt funding is the adoption if money from Bankss or other fiscal mediators, or selling corporate bonds to persons or establishments bonds to raise capital ( Cavusgil, 2008 ) . Inter-company loan that means Rio Tinto borrow financess from exterior for JV intent. External financess means JV borrow financess from outside by them self. Use the equity or debt to beginning of funding can hold more advantages and disadvantages. The chief advantage of equity funding is that the house obtains needed capital without incurring debt ; that is, without holding to refund financess to the suppliers at any peculiar clip ( Cavusgil, 2008 ) . The chief disadvantage of equity funding is that the house s ownership is diluted whenever new equity is sold ( Cavusgil, 2008 ) . In the JV, Rio and BHP can utilize different ways to raise equity funding such as direct public portion issue, private arrangement and private equity fund. Rio and BHP they listed stock in Australia and New York market. When they use issue portion in the local market to lift of capital for the JV, they need to see market liquidness refers to the grade which a company issue new securities without take downing the bing market monetary value. If Rio and BHP listing in foreign stock exchange, they can better liquidness of its portions and therefore let bigger market for new portion issues but they need to concern the trading volume in the foreign market. On the other manus, they need to see the asymmetric information. It is because instability information available to different investors in the universe. In the metameric domestic market, usually foreign investor may hold limited information about the domestic companies that discourage the investors to put in those portions ( Elteman, 200 4 ) . In decision, the above determination is merely based on fiscal deductions. However, for a company to affect in long term investing, non merely make up ones mind from the fiscal facets, but besides to see the strategic facet such as growing potency and competition.

Sunday, March 1, 2020

Christmas Party Themes for Every Friend Group [Guest Post]

Christmas Party Themes for Every Friend Group [Guest Post] Whether this is your first Christmas in college or your last, it’s a long-awaited season of festivities. In the dorms, your friends are just a short walk away and there are plenty of events to choose from. In an apartment, you have the freedom to decorate an entire space, transforming it into a magical winter wonderland - don’t forget the photo booth! But year after year it seems more difficult to host a party that feels outside the box. That’s why we’ve put together this guide to help you plan your party based on the interests of you and your friend group. The Foodies After a week of dining hall food, you’ll already be dreaming of mom’s home cooking. If you’re in the dorms without a kitchen, make things interesting by hosting a homemade potluck. The caveat is that you can only use dorm room essentials (like a microwave). See who can craft the most delicious snack without a full kitchen. Hint: try your hand at no-bake desserts for a sweet treat that will be the talk of the party. If you’ve grown out of dorm life, host a Masterchef: Holiday Edition party. Give each person one ingredient that has to be the central flavor in their dish, and see what they come up with. You can keep it traditional with ingredients like peppermint and rosemary, or get creative with unconventional ingredients like bacon and seaweed - holiday-themed sushi, anyone? The Mathletes Is everyone in your group a math major or engineer? Bring numbers and coding into the equation. For those who love math, take gingerbread making to the next level. Include rules that require the builders to use specific angles in their design or an exact number of certain ingredients. Extra points if you bake the gingerbread shapes yourself so people can build structures that differ from the traditional house. If your friends are engineers, host a unique â€Å"gift† swap. Similar to Secret Santa, assign everyone a buddy. Then, have each person code a special card or message. Show the designs at the party and vote on the most creative one! Alternatively, you can turn this into a GIF challenge (especially for those who don’t code). Who doesn’t love a good GIF? The Pop Culture Buffs Whether your friends are aspiring actors and actresses, or simply in tune with the latest and greatest shows, you can’t help but have a Christmas movie marathon. Our vote is Elf. Take it from Buddy, â€Å"the best way to spread Christmas cheer is singing loud for all to hear.† That’s right, you won’t just be watching a movie, you’ll be playing themed games too. Start off with Pin the Face on the Elf. You can print the Christmas game here. You’ll also need to print out a variety of faces to stick on the elf’s body. For extra personalization, print the face of every guest out. Alternatively, you can choose everyone’s favorite celebrity. Next, have a sing-off. Someone will start singing a popular song. They’ll end on a word that’s common in many carols. The next person will start with that word and continue with lyrics from another song. Whoever can’t think of a new carol loses. The Know-It-Alls Are you that group that always knows random facts? If so, go head-to-head in a seasonal version of Holiday Jeopardy. From festive facts to seasonal puns, see who is the ultimate holiday aficionado. Make sure you designate a host for the game to moderate and provide small prizes for the winners. Once Jeopardy is over, switch to lighthearted games like Heads Up, Taboo or Pictionary. Create your own cards with inside jokes to keep it interesting. The Artists Who doesn’t love a sip and wine party? Instead of painting the same picture, let your creative skills run wild and make gifts for friends! Assign everyone a partner to make a gift for, but keep it a secret. Provide plain plates, mugs or glasses to paint. You can use paint, paint pens or other mediums. You’ll likely need to set the gifts in the oven, so remember to leave time for that. Grab a glass of wine and get painting! Once everyone is done and the gifts are set, place each piece out on the table. Vote who it was made for to see which friends you know best! Bonus: Make everyone wear homemade ugly Christmas sweaters to showcase their creative skills. The Accountants If you and your friends are in business or accounting, you’re used to working with money all the time. Put a unique spin money management by seeing how far everyone can stretch a dollar (or ten), at a thrift store. There are a few different ways you can interpret this theme. One is a scavenger hunt. Create a list of general items (ex. something green, something with glitter). Give everyone a time limit and see who can come back with the most unique items. Assign someone to be the judge and choose the winning team. Alternatively, you can throw a costume party. Everyone has $10 to come up with the most crazy holiday costume. The best outfit wins bragging rights for the next year. Now that you have a list of activities in mind, get planning! Don’t forget to check off all the party essentials: food, decorations, music, games, and, of course, a good group of friends. Take lots of pictures to send to Mom and Dad and show them that they taught you to host a party in style. Afterwards, you just have to get through those final papers and tests, and you’re on your way to a month-long winter break. Time for party number two (or three or four) with family and friends back home. Don’t forget to show them the tricks you learned from hosting your own holiday party! Author: Alex Heinz Alex Heinz loves everything DIY including sewing, crafting home decor, and cooking meals for friends. When shes not creating or writing, you can find her playing with her energetic dog, at the beach, or exploring new hikes.

Friday, February 14, 2020

Fair Value of Accounting Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Fair Value of Accounting - Research Paper Example Fair value accounting has cemented its place really well in the world of accounting on the grounds that it gives more relevant information to users. This method is a realistic approach that gives the actual worth of an entity. According to Patricia McConnell1, fair value accounting method requires the preparers of financial statements to adjust them according to the fair values. This requirement helps the investors to make a better analysis of financial statements. The primary objective of financial statement analysis is the comparative measure of risk and return. General purpose financial statements do not provide the required data for this comparative analysis without significant adjustments. A clearer picture of financial statements provides the investors with a chance to make good decisions. â€Å"†¦fair value accounting method gives fair value estimates and discloses a range of possible outcomes which may help a sophisticated investor but at the same may plague the unsophisticated investor with ambiguity and information overload.† Fair value’s biggest drawback, and the major reason of its opposition, is the lack of reliability. It is because unless an asset is exchangeable in an arm’s length transaction, its value would always be an estimate. According to a study by Avinash, Arvi & Alan Reinstein3, critics have argued that fair value accounting method aggravated the recent crisis by requiring significant write-down of assets and hence resulting in sharp decreases in regulatory capital of banks and other financial institutions. Fair values tend to fluctuate vastly in a short period at times. According to Michael Power4, there are many arguments against the fair value accounting method but they don’t automatically become arguments in favor of historical cost accounting method. The definition of fair value shows that it is the amount which might be obtained in a market. Various commentators have argued about